Flora of Mount Eliza and Planting Guide


Do you know that:

  • Indigenous plant species are those that occur naturally in a given area, such as Mount Eliza.

  • Site-indigenous plant species are those that occur naturally on a given site, such as your property.

  • Locally indigenous plant species are those that occur anywhere in Mount Eliza, including the coast, and not necessarily on your property.

  • Mount Eliza once had a unique orchid (Fringed Spider-orchid) but it was last seen in 1990 and is now considered extinct. It occurred nowhere else.

  • Plants native to other parts of Australia are mostly not indigenous to Mount Eliza and can destroy the diverse flora found here.

  • You can increase native bird and animal life through site-indigenous plantings.


Mount Eliza has approximately 375 indigenous plant species, making it a botanically rich area. There are over 40 grass species, over 35 orchid species, and six eucalypts:

Manna Gum Eucalyptus viminalis subsp. pryoriana
Swamp Gum Eucalyptus ovata
Snow Gum Eucalyptus pauciflora
Narrow-leaf Peppermint Eucalyptus radiata
Silver-leaf Stringybark Eucalyptus cephalocarpa
Messmate Stringybark Eucalyptus obliqua

Mt Eliza Flower

The state government Department of Sustainability & Environment (DSE) classifies native vegetation in Victoria into about 300 ecological vegetation classes (EVCs).


Mount Eliza has 11 ecological vegetation classes. Click here to find out more: Mt Eliza’s most common EVC along with the Coastal Headland Scrub EVC.
These are described in further detail here in order to promote accurate and site-specific re-vegetation and gardening. It should be noted that in re-vegetation, the planted species should have originally occurred on the site; otherwise the plantings constitute horticulture rather than re-vegetation. With eleven EVCs in Mount Eliza, it is clear that not every species occurs in every situation. In other words, planted species should be site-indigenous rather than simply locally indigenous.


Mount Eliza CFA Fire Resistant Indigenous Garden

Native vegetation and native gardens are compatible with fire prevention in Mt Eliza. Our native grassy woodland responds well to fuel reduction if pruning and mowing are done at the right time in early summer. Such management maintains or increases plant diversity. To demonstrate this compatibility,Mt Eliza Fire Department Indiginous Garden Mt Eliza CFA has an indigenous landscape garden, one of several CFA indigenous gardens in Victoria. The modest garden has about 25 local plant species, a coastal and woodland section, and a native grass lawn. Maintenance consists of pruning shrubs, mowing the lawn, collecting sticks and bark, and hand weeding. No watering or fertiliser is needed in this garden. This native landscape garden is interesting and relevant to living in our bushy suburb and you are invited to visit or assist in maintaining and developing the garden. The garden is maintained by community volunteers every third Sunday of the month from 9.30 to 11.30am. and we look forward to seeing you there.